Authors: Urs Maurer, Silvia Brem, Kerstin Bucher, Felicitas Kranz, Rosmarie Benz, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Daniel Brandeis.
Publication: Brain (Oxford University Press). Volume 130, Issue 12, Pages 3200–3210 2007 | DOI: 10.1093/brain/awm193
Developmental dyslexia is defined as a disorder of learning to read. It is thus critical to examine the neural processes that impair learning to read during the early phase of reading acquisition, before compensatory mechanisms are adapted by older readers with dyslexia. Using electroencephalography-based event-related imaging, we investigated how tuning of visual activity for print advances in the same children before and after initial reading training in school. The focus was on a fast, coarse form of visual tuning for print, measured as an increase of the occipito-temporal N1 response at 150–270 ms in the event-related potential (ERP) to words compared to symbol strings. The results demonstrate that the initial development of reading skills and visual tuning for print progressed more slowly in those children who became dyslexic than in their control peers. Print-specific tuning in 2nd grade strongly distinguished dyslexic children from controls. It was maximal in the inferior occipito-temporal cortex, left-lateralized in controls, and reduced in dyslexic children. The results suggest that delayed initial visual tuning for print critically contributes to the development of dyslexia.
Urs Maurer, Silvia Brem, Kerstin Bucher, Felicitas Kranz, Rosmarie Benz, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Daniel Brandeis, Impaired tuning of a fast occipito-temporal response for print in dyslexic children learning to read, Brain, Volume 130, Issue 12, December 2007, Pages 3200–3210, https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awm193