School Testing for Dyslexia


Are public schools required to test children for dyslexia?


The laws and practices concerning school testing for dyslexia vary in different jurisdictions.  This page has some information concerning the legal rights of school children in the US.

Federal Law Concerning Dyslexia Testing  (US)

In the United States, under federal law, public school districts are specifically required to identify children with dyslexia and provide appropriate services to them.

These are the specific places dyslexia is referenced in the laws and regulations governing services that schools must provide:

IDEA 2004 Statute & Regulations [emphasis on the word “dyslexia” added]:

Statute: TITLE I / A / 602(30) (Definitions):

(30) Specific learning disability.–
(A) In general.–The term `specific learning disability’ means a disorder in 1 or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which disorder may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations.
(B) Disorders included.–Such term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.
(C) Disorders not included.–Such term does not include a learning problem that is primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.

Regulations: Sec. 300.8 (c)(10) :

(10) Specific learning disability. (i) General. Specific learning disability means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.

In October, 2015, the Department of Education issued a Dear Colleague Letter specifically addressing concerns raised by parents who had been told that their school could not test for dyslexia, writing:

The purpose of this letter is to clarify that there is nothing in the IDEA that would prohibit the use of the terms dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia in IDEA evaluation, eligibility determinations, or IEP documents

State Laws Concerning Dyslexia (US)

In recent years, many US states have enacted additional laws specifically requiring dyslexia screening in schools.  These laws cannot reduce protections under federal law, but they can create additional rights for the child and obligations for the school or district.


  • Maricruz F

    My granddaughter has been diagnosed with dyslexia and she struggles in school. She is in 3 rd grade this year and has developed anxiety and panic attacks. She is extremely fearful of failing her state exam STAAR. Currently dyslexic student accommodations include reading questions and answers only. I don’t understand how this helps our students if they can’t fully understand the story or passage. Laws need to change!!!

    • Corissa A

      Unfortunately my daughters has got the short end of the stick I am severely dyslexic my oldest daughter who is in second grade I keep trying to have them test her for dyslexia and I keep getting the runaround telling me that they don’t do the testing that I have to take her somewhere to get her tested I don’t have the money in her insurance will not pay for it so therefore I am now going to use this as a forceful way to get her tested thank you so much for this.

      • Linda Whitman

        Oh my goodness…if you are in Texas, then they are violating laws! They must at least evaluate her. We have the 2018 Dyslexia handbook in Texas which clearly explains they must evaluate with parent request or state in print why they refuse. The evaluation is a look at all the data that you can present, and having dyslexia in the family is important data, along with the state mandated K-2nd grade reading assessments given 2-3 times a year, and the mandated dyslexia screening in K and 1st, and all other teacher tests and reading inventories.
        They need to review this data. If there is enough evidence with reading weaknesses in comprehension, fluency, word attack skills, spelling, writing, and other aspects, then they need to conduct a full assessment for dyslexia. Do not accept the answer that you have to pay for it! I am a family advocate and retired Texas administrator, and public schools cannot make you pay for dyslexia testing.

    • Sian B

      I’ve just connected the dots and am concerned that my 9th grader is dyslexic. We live in MI, so there don’t appear to be state laws requiring the school to test, she doesn’t have an IEP, she works her butt off, late into the night, to get high grades and so the school is refusing to test. I’ve looked into testing privately, but simply can’t afford the tests, our insurance won’t cover it. I don’t know what to do. I’m angry, heartbroken am failing my child.

  • Val

    My daughter has an existing IEP for ADHD and medical reasons in Michigan. She is receiving special ed supports in a mainstream classroom and OT services. It appears that dyslexia testing would be most appropriate for her. However, the school says they are not able to provide that testing, though symptoms of it have been noticed/documented.
    Does the law require schools to assist parents with outside testing costs if they cannot provide the testing themselves or within the Intermediate School District?
    Can my daughter’s current IEP help give teeth for further, appropriate, testing for dyslexia? What are my options if the school cannot accommodate?

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      Federal law requires public schools to provide testing for special education services without cost, but does not require that the testing be tied to a specific condition or label. However, the school is required to provide services appropriate to the child’s needs –so for example, if there is an IEP in place for ADHD issues, but the child has difficulties with reading or writing that are not being addressed, then further testing would be warranted.

      You can find more information about specific requirements at the links posted above.

      Keep in mind that a formal diagnosis is not required in order to receive help from a Davis Dyslexia provider. In general, if your daughter has symptoms of dyslexia and wants help to address those, then a Davis program would be targeted to those needs, whether or not there is a formal diagnosis.

      In our experience, when schools are reluctant to provide specific testing, it is often tied to a lack of appropriate services to go along with the testing results. In other words, the school does not want to test for dyslexia because they aren’t prepared to offer meaningful help for dyslexic students, so a diagnosis would potentially require them to fund outside services — and they don’t want to be placed in that position.

  • John F

    We live in Alabama. We have a second grader that has struggled to keep up since the first grade but managed to move on. We did get an IEP for a perceived speech issue in the first grade. As he struggled in the second grade, we approached the principal with the question of testing for dyslexia or other learning disorders. We were told they didn’t do testing, that they didn’t think it was an issue for him, and that we should consider holding him back a year. This was well before the end of the first semester. Unsatisfied, we had our child privately tested for $$$. The results showed severe dyslexia. When presenting this to the school for a plan, they produced a screening test from the first grade, and other points, that was in effect the same tests as the private testing. The reflected the same results. At that meeting, they said they could talk about the screening but not let us have a copy. Our school had screening results that indicated dyslexia. They were not disclosed to us. Then we were told that we didn’t have a right to the screening results of our own child. I do not expect our educators to be clinicians, but disclosing of the screening results would have prompted me to get a professional diagnosis months, if not a year, earlier. This is no different than vision screening kids and not telling the parents there might be a problem so they can follow up with a eye doctor. Is this a normal situation?

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      John, it is very common for parents to experience difficulties with schools in identifying dyslexia and in providing help. That is one reason we focus on providing services directly to individuals. Within a very short time frame we can get a child on track to become a confident and capable reader, usually in less time than it takes to go through the process of school screening and developing an IEP. Of course, that doesn’t help families who are unaware that the child is dyslexic and needs specialized help.

      Your state does have laws requiring screening for dyslexia, and specified actions to be taken as a result of such screening. You can find a link to the law here:

  • Charity

    If you ask in writing for your child to be tested for dyslexia how long does the school have to do the testing? Midland/Odessa Texas

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      The rules and practices vary in different states, and Texas has specific procedures for dyslexia in addition to the federal IDEA requirements. So best to start with your in-state resources, such as the Texas Department of Education website.

  • Pamela O

    I live in the State of Louisiana my grandson is dyslexic a Dr diagnosed him.yet the state says till they finish their assessment my grandson cannot receive help in the public school system. He is failing right now and frustrated what can I do as a grandparent to help change this rule

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      As a parent or grandparent, trying to change the rules is probably not a very efficient way to go about getting help for a family member. A better approach would be to continue to work with the school but at the same time look for ways to help the child on your own, outside the school system. Very often the school-based support won’t give the child what he needs in any case — so you can fight to get the child services, and then find that even with the services the child is still struggling. Meanwhile, a lot of time has gone by without meaningful help. Of course, we recommend the Davis program and this site has all the information you need to learn more about our approach.

  • Rebecca R

    I live in Jefferson County, KY. JCPS, the public school district no longer tests for dyslexia. Instead they label the child developmentally delayed and send them out for testing that the parents must pay for. How on earth do they get away with this? I’ve been told by administrators at the public and private schools that is the case. My daughter needs to be tested, and it’s so expensive.

  • Andi G.

    Is there a new Federal Law that is requiring schools to do a Dyslexia Screener for all Kindergarten and first grade students?

  • Keith P

    My grandsons’ teacher has stated he may need testing for dyslexia. She insists I must do this external the school as they have no one qualified to test him. I’m raising three grandchildren on a disability income and just can’t afford it. Can they make me pay for this?

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      Public schools in the US are required by law to provide appropriate services for all children with learning disabilities, including dyslexia — and the school must always provide appropriate diagnostic and evaluation services without charge. So the teacher is mistaken — if there is reason to suspect that your child needs extra help, then the school has an obligation to provide the testing. More information here:

  • Shannon

    My son is in 9th grade and has had an IEP since 3rd grade for Dyslexia and Dysgraphia. All of his accommodations are for his English Language Arts classes (ELA). In those classes he gets to take tests by himself in a quiet room, more time allotted, mark in test booklet and he can read aloud the questions. Up to this point, I felt like those were appropriate until I started to realize that those tests for ELA are not measuring can he read the words, they are measuring does he understand the information. When he was younger they were measuring his words per minute, fluency, etc.

    I’m now wanting my son to have text to speech for tests or read aloud and have been told that for ELA classes, that it is not allowed.

    The other issue that has come up this year is what North Carolina has called the North Carolina Final Exam (NCFE). This is a test that is 20% of my son’s grade. When I called the North Carolina Department of Instruction about getting read aloud or text to speech accommodation they said the test is not standardized to give it in that manner and it is not allowed. My son’s disability is that he cannot read like his peers. He doesn’t process visual information correctly yet he is mandated to take this test, which will affect his grade and his college prospects and there is no accommodation for his disability. The test is not measuring can he read; it’s measuring does he understand the information. You can get literary information through more means that just eye reading. If I “read” a book on tape does that not count?

    I have been writing letters to those in charge and have gotten nothing back. My son’s school is in agreement with me about how this is wrong and discriminatory, but I’m at a loss for what to do. Any suggestions?

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      Have you tried contacting the disabilities rights organizationf for your state? (Disability Rights North Carolina)?

      Please also consider talking to a Davis Facilitator about your son’s needs- you’ll find lisetilngs for your state here:

      I know that you are asking for suitable accommodations for his existing limitations, and you are absolutely right to advocate for him– but Davis is a success-oriented program that has enabled many dyslexics to become capable and even enthusiastic readers when other programs haven’t worked. The Davis tools will directly address visual processing problems and providing a meaning-based approach to reading, geared to improving comprehension. While I agree with you that your son should be entitled to the accommodations you want, a Davis program could provide a way that your son will no longer need those accommodations. Progress with Davis is often very rapid and dramatic, especially with teenagers.

    • Wendy G

      My son Bryce has many issues when it comes to reading. I sincerely feel your pain . We live in a time where there is a new awareness of how all of us have a different way of learning This is a huge awakening for us to ignore it would be plain stupidity. My son Bryce has had a IEP his whole Education including two yrs of preschool. It’s so sad to see a sixth grade on a 1st grade level with reading and writing.

      I have been fighting for 3yrs for something better . He had problems with his eyes , APD when it comes to hearing, and he has Dsylexia so there’s a lot on his plate. Three years ago Bryce was having a lot of trouble educationally so the school suggested we medicate he to help him like the other kids in his class. He had anxiety everyday about going to school. He would say every .morning I can’t do it and we would say you have to try . So medication we tried for the anxiety which was Ability and the result was Diabetes. So believe me when I say natural ways are the best way .

      Change the way he is getting his education is vital. Very school needs to take a better look at each student’s needs. After all in my district thirty thousand a year for a special needs student is not to shabby. A simple IEP doesn’t always make the GRADE! Taking the same path is what the some schools do. Everyone has a different way of Learning. You would thing that the schools would be right on board with with change. I have Dsylexia my whole life and it’s not easy. The difference now is you have a IEP and get more time and repetition is always there? There are schools who do use methods so why is it so difficult if we are aware .

      THey are children and we should do whatever works. Especially if we have the KNOWLEDGE!I Everything I know about my son which is he had three different problems with his eyes, Auditory processing Disorder with his ears, and Dsylexia. The only thing the school did was label him with special needs. I knew it wasn’t enough ,but they still have him every day doing the,same things as he was doing three yrs ago. When pushed he just can’t do it. He is smart in so many ways. He just needs a different way of Learning. KEEP KNOCKING ON THE DOOR! I will do we have choice? NO , IF we want them to want to learn and have a future.

  • Jessica

    Hi. I have a thirteen year old son who is in 8th grade. He has had difficulties with reading comprehension, fluency, spelling, writing since elementary school. He has an IEP and is labeled as a speech impairment. He was seen by early intervention at a very young age because he wasn’t speaking much. When I moved to another state, since he was starting school I went to the special education department and gave them the early intervention plans the other state had done. The department put him in a classroom where I noticed there many kids with special needs that were severe. He was at that school for only half the year. Then was transferred to another school and was put a similar classroom.. all along I felt he didn’t belong there either.. I was thinking to myself if he only needs speech why is he in a classroom kids that have specific learning needs? I told the teacher my concern and told her that the next year I wanted him a regular classroom, I felt like he was falling behind.. like he was in a classroom that wasn’t being taught in grade level.. by the time he was in second grade he placed in an inclusion class.. there were regular education kids along with students with special needs.. I knew he was behind and his reading levels were very low but teachers assured me he would catch up.. he was a young 7 year old in second grade.. well he never did.. he hasn’t special accommodation.. he is taken out for services but I feel it is not enough. Now next year he will enter high school and I feel he is not equipped with the right skills. Just yesterday I was talking a relative who is a teacher and she told me he might have dyslexiaI. I had heard about it but did not really know what it was in depth. After reading the symptoms i definelty think my son has dyslexia. Is it too late to get a diagnosis? Can treatment still be received? After reading some articles it says to talk with my doctor about my concerns.. where should I start?! Thank you and I apologize in advance for such a long comment!

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      A person can be tested for dyslexia at any age, and in the U.S. the law requires the schools to identify school-age children with learning disabilities and provide appropriate services, including teenagers in middle school and high school. But if your son is already being taken out for services, it sounds like he might already have been identified and given an IEP. It doesn’t matter whether they call it dyslexia or something else — if the school has identified him as needing services to address reading difficulties, it is the same thing.

      If your son is not progressing with the services he is receiving, it’s most likely simply because the teaching methods commonly used in schools are not effective. Further testing and diagnosis might qualify your son for accomodations; but it won’t change the methods the school would offer him.

      The Davis Dyslexia program is effective at all ages– in fact, older children and teenagers tend to do even better than young children. Please consider arranging a consultation with a Davis Facilitator to discuss your son’s needs.

      • Maria C

        Hello, I have a 10th grader who has a 504 Plan for ADHD. Both my sons were diagnosed with ADHD after second grade. It was the most difficult decision to make as parents, but after trying several methods we opted for medication, and they’ve been on medication ever since. I suspect that my 10th grader has Dyslexia! He has always struggled with Reading and writing. I tried everything! Hooked on Phonics, summer reading programs, reading with him everyday for 20 minutes, you name it, I did it! Nothing helped! The more I read about Dyslexia, the more I’m convinced that he has it. However, I feel as if I have failed him, as if the system has failed him, like he’s fallen through the cracks. He has always gotten by in school and managed in elementary and middle school, but high school has been more of a challenge for him. However, whenever I bring up testing him further, I hit a brick wall by the school. They say, they’ll add more accommodations to his existing 504, but as his mother I know him best and he needs MORE! It’s something else! I suspect it’s DYSLEXIA! What do I do??

        Please HELP! Desperate & Alone!

        • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

          Maria, unfortunately this is a common complaint. Many parents in your situation do opt to arrange for outside, independent diagnostic testing.

          I think one reason the school does not want to test further is that schools do not have effective programs to offer for high school age students. As your son already has accommodations for ADHD, the school may know that even with a formal diagnostis of dyslexia, they would still only offer the same accommodations.

          The Davis program described on this website can help older students like your son, but usually not appropriate for individuals taking medications commonly prescribed for ADHD. Those medications interfere with the person’s ability to learn and practice the mental tools that are needed for the Davis program to be effective. Perhaps for your son, the best approach might be to accept the school’s offer to provide additional accommodation for now. If your son is interested in a Davis program, you can arrange a consultation with a Davis Facilitator to consider options.

  • Tabitha C

    My son has had an IEP in place for reading & writing since 2nd grade.
    He is now in the 9th grade. He still has an IEP, but they are going to “cut him lose” soon. He still struggles with decoding and test taking. I asked about testing for Dyslexia. I was asked if we were moving him to another school? I was told that they treat the symptoms but don’t diagnose. It’s very frustrating because no one has ever said the word to me- I just asked. So all this time he has been floundering in school and I could have gotten him help earlier. Where to go from here? Is testing necessary? Will it help him to get help? Are there possible grants and or scholarships for children diagnosed with dyslexia? I am assuming there are different levels and I’ve seen different terms associated with Dyslexia.

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      Tabitha, if your son has an IPE for reading and writing, it doesn’t matter what the school calls his learning differences — the main reason to seek a diagnosis is to qualify for an IEP or 504 accommodations. As your son already has an IEP, a different label attached to his needs isn’t going to change what the school provides.

      A diagnosis is not needed to get outside help. The methods the schools use do not work for many students — research has shown that at least 20-40% of dyslexic kids fail to get any benefit at all from the phonics-based tutoring that most schools use and advocate. That’s because it is very difficult for most dyslexics to learn to read relying solely on phonics.Also, de-coding strategies (phonetic sounding out of words) are geared to beginning level readers; older students need help with gaining reading fluency and improved comprehension. Your son probably needs strategies geared to his stengths and his age level.

      That is why we take a different approach, geared to learning strengths.

    • Rose

      Hi, Tabitha.

      My daughter is 8 years old, and she will be tested this year for dyslexia. I’m shocked the school won’t diagnose. We are in Texas, and the school can test and diagnose for dyslexia. Anyway, I have attended two dyslexia conferences, and I’ve learned so much. I recommend you do the same or research as much as you can about it, and the resources available from public schools and colleges. Testing benefits your son because if he decides to go beyond a high school education, he will get help at the college/university level. There are so many resources for him out there that will help him to struggle less, and you will see less frustration as well. He himself will have to go to the disability services at the university, but if he has paperwork from his elementary, middle, and high school career along with a diagnosis, it will allow him to be served with resources right away. I don’t have my notes in front of me, but there is audio software available along with audio books, echo pen, transcriber accommodations, and so much more. Get the test done and get the diagnosis for peace of mind, and your son’s benefit.

      • Marti J

        Where can the testing be done? The school here said they don’t test and we should ask our peditrician? She is in the 9th grade and we don’t go to a pediatrician anymore.
        I am just shocked they keep telling me they don’t test. WHERE TO GO THEN? WHY the laws regarding it then?

        • Marezy-d

          Have you asked for an evaluation for “specific learning diasability” in writing? When you ask in writing they must respond, and tell you the reasons they do not think testing is needed. They cannot respond that they “dont do” testing, as its required under the IDEA act. If you ask in writing and they deny it, you can then appeal.

  • Kristin M

    I expressed concerns about my son having dyslexia with our school- I wanted to have him tested outside of school but then the School psychologist told me she could perform those tests. My concern is that she really never came back and said one way or another if this was a potential diagnosis. I received an email from her from her saying, ” in my role as the school psychologist, I don’t diagnose, so I would never say that a student has a specific disorder such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, or ADHD; however, the team does determine needs, develop intervention plans, and does determine eligibility for special education services.”

    Do you have any suggestions for me because unfortunately I assumed the tests did not suggest he had dyslexia but I remain concerned that he does. I am not sure this response is in line with what I am reading about the schools obligations.

    • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

      Kristin, I understand your concern. Legally schools are obligated to identify children who need special education services. This includes children with dyslexia, but I don’t think the law mandates that the school assign a specific diagnosis, and it is very common for schools to use different language in an evaluation.

      Was your son determined to be eligible for special education services and an IEP? If so, is the school now offering services geared specifically to the areas of academic difficulty your son is experiencing (such as reading)? If so the school has probably met its legal obligations.

      If the school psychologist has reported that your son is not eligible for services, then you might consider other options. Keep in mind that a diagnosis of dyslexia alone does not qualify a child for school services; the child also must have academic difficulties that justify the services. Sometimes bright dyslexic children are struggling but do not test as being far enough behind to require school services.

      • Lisa

        That was a very helpful answer and I’ve seen this recently with my 8yr old, he is no longer far enough behind so he no longer has an IEP but he still struggles. The question I have now is what do I need to do next. My boy is struggling when it comes to writing and I’m not sure what to do if the school won’t help him where do we go next. Any ideas would be greatly appreciated!

        • Abigail Marshall, DDAI webmaster

          Lisa, Davis dyslexia program facilitators work with kids like your son all the time. You can learn more about the Davis program by reading The Gift of Dyslexia — and you can try working with your son on your own, or arrange a program for him if appropriate. There is help — the problem is that the schools aren’t obligated to help kids who are able to keep up without extra support, even when we parents can see that the child is struggling and has the potential to do far better.

        • Rose

          Hi, Lisa

          Not sure if you have gotten help with your son, but let me tell you even if the school removes his IEP, he can still be placed under section 504 which will provide accommodations for him. He can receive help with transcribers, audio programs/books, and extra time for tests and or assignments. The schools may not want to spend on resources for kids that aren’t far behind, but by law they still have to provide accommodations if he has a disability. You can go further which will require expenses on your part and taking them to court. Most parents don’t have the resources to go that route, and that’s where schools take advantage. Inform yourself and read all the laws because if you are not informed, the school will not inform you. They will give you the wrong information to get you off their backs. Keep insisting for help with your son; you are his voice and advocate. Prayers and hugs to you.

        • Jane U

          Most important is to do anything you can to bolster self esteem. I can not count to five with any reliability. I can understand complex science and math concepts. Secquences of any sort , unbuckle the seatbelt before trying to exit a car, defeat me. Right and left defeat me. I have learned N S E & West. That works great. My daughter and niece have much more difficult problems than I do. We have been raised from birth to know that we think differently than ‘ordinary’ people. My daughter, now 50, graduated from a good university with low grades. She never failed a class. Her memory was volatile, so she studied all night for an exam then took it without any sleep and repeated for the next and the next. No sleep for the week but she passed. She has been a professional librarian for decades. Only my mother, not I, could read my handwriting. My brother had problems with cursive also. Computers are a godsend for us. Two grandchildren are entering 5th & 7th ,with discalcula , grades in one of the best school districts in Ohio. Help and diagnosis has been very difficult. My husband, an aeronautics engineer, has over 50 years teaching math to dyslexics. He can explain concepts in different ways for each of us. Our 10 year old grandson said “You have to keep Grandpa alive until we graduate from college.” “That is my entire goal in life now and he is helping.” 55years of a dyslexic wife. We put in many hours weekly and feel blessed that we are able. No, ABSOLUTELY,No 18 and you are out! We are worth all the extra work. You save lives when you help us.

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