Authors: D. Dobó, E. Ladányi, Á. Szőllősi, K.S. Lukics, K. Németh & Á. Lukác.
Publication: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics (Taylor and Francis). Published online: 02 Dec 2021 2021 | DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2021.1998632
Previous studies have revealed that cognitive control functions contribute to the resolution of lexical interference. Both cognitive control (CC) deficits and reduced speed of lexical retrieval in Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) tasks are characteristics of Developmental Dyslexia (DD), but it is still not fully understood how these deficits relate to each other and to reading problems. To examine this question, we tested adolescents with DD (n = 38), poor readers (PR; n = 25) and typical readers (TR; n = 33) matched on age and IQ, on CC functions with Stroop, Stop Signal, Simon, Backward Digit Span and n-back tasks and on lexical retrieval and lexical conflict resolution with RAN of pictures in semantically homogeneous vs. mixed trials. As expected, in the blocked RAN Task DD individuals showed longer naming times and a greater effect of lexical conflict resolution (indexed by difference scores of naming times in the homogeneous and mixed conditions) than TR participants. We also found significant group differences (TR = PR > DD) in CC measures. Naming time was associated with CC, while the lexical interference effect did not show any association with this set of abilities. These findings suggest that DD individuals show impairments in multiple cognitive functions, such as cognitive control, lexical retrieval and lexical conflict resolution. Our results also suggest that CC functions are involved in lexical retrieval, but we have not found evidence for their involvement in lexical conflict resolution processes.
D. Dobó, E. Ladányi, Á. Szőllősi, K.S. Lukics, K. Németh & Á. Lukács (2021) The relationship between cognitive control and lexical conflict resolution in developmental dyslexia, Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2021.1998632