Authors: Sabrina Turker, Philipp Kuhnke, Zhizhao Jiang & Gesa Hartwigsen .
Publication: Communications Biology (Nature.com). 6, Article number: 1114 ( 2023 | DOI: 10.1038/s42003-023-05499-2
Dyslexia, a frequent learning disorder, is characterized by severe impairments in reading and writing and hypoactivation in reading regions in the left hemisphere. Despite decades of research, it remains unclear to date if observed behavioural deficits are caused by aberrant network interactions during reading and whether differences in functional activation and connectivity are directly related to reading performance. Here we provide a comprehensive characterization of reading-related brain connectivity in adults with and without dyslexia. We find disrupted functional coupling between hypoactive reading regions, especially between the left temporo-parietal and occipito-temporal cortices, and an extensive functional disruption of the right cerebellum in adults with dyslexia. Network analyses suggest that individuals with dyslexia process written stimuli via a dorsal decoding route and show stronger reading-related interaction with the right cerebellum. Moreover, increased connectivity within networks is linked to worse reading performance in dyslexia. Collectively, our results provide strong evidence for aberrant task-related connectivity as a neural marker for dyslexia that directly impacts behavioural performance. The observed differences in activation and connectivity suggest that one effective way to alleviate reading problems in dyslexia is through modulating interactions within the reading network with neurostimulation methods.
Turker, S., Kuhnke, P., Jiang, Z., & Hartwigsen, G. (2023). Disrupted network interactions serve as a neural marker of dyslexia. Communications Biology, 6(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-023-05499-2