Authors: Hugh W. Catts, Nicole Patton Terry, Christopher J. Lonigan, Donald L. Compton, Richard K. Wagner, Laura M. Steacy, Kelly Farquharson & Yaacov Petscher.

Article: Revisiting the definition of dyslexia.

Publication: Annals of Dyslexia (Springer). Published: 09 January 2024 2024 | DOI: 10.1007/s11881-023-00295-3


The International Dyslexia Association definition of dyslexia was updated 20 years ago and has been referenced frequently in research and practice. In this paper, researchers from the Florida Center for Reading Research consider the components of the definition and make recommendations for revisions. These include recognizing the persistence of word-reading, decoding, and spelling difficulties, acknowledging the multifactorial causal basis of dyslexia, clarifying exclusionary factors, and denoting comorbidity with other developmental disorders. It is also suggested that the academic and psychosocial consequences of dyslexia be highlighted to reinforce a preventive service delivery model. Lastly, the inclusion of dyslexia within a specific learning disability category is supported.

Tagged as: definition of dyslexia and diagnosis


Catts, H.W., Terry, N.P., Lonigan, C.J. et al. Revisiting the definition of dyslexia. Ann. of Dyslexia (2024).