Authors: Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Zhenghan Qi, Sara D. Beach, John D.E. Gabrieli.

Article: Intact procedural memory and impaired auditory statistical learning in adults with dyslexia.

Publication: Neuropsychologia (Elsevier). Available online 28 July 2023. 2023 | DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2023.108638


Developmental dyslexia is a reading disorder that is associated with atypical brain function. One neuropsychological theory posits that dyslexia reflects a deficit in the procedural memory system, which supports implicit learning, or the acquisition of knowledge without conscious awareness or intention. This study investigated various forms of procedural learning in adults with dyslexia and typically-reading adults. Adults with dyslexia exhibited typical skill learning on mirror tracing and rotary pursuit tasks that have been well-established as reflecting purely procedural memory and dependent on basal ganglia and cerebellar structures. They also exhibited typical statistical learning for visual material, but impaired statistical learning for auditory material. Auditory statistical learning proficiency correlated positively with single-word reading performance across all participants and within the group with dyslexia, linking a major difficulty in dyslexia with impaired auditory statistical learning. These findings dissociate multiple forms of procedural memory that are intact in dyslexia from a specific impairment in auditory statistical learning that is associated with reading difficulty.

Tagged as: adult dyslexia, implicit learning, procedural learning, statistical learning, visual memory, and working memory


Ozernov-Palchik, O., Qi, Z., Beach, S. D., & Gabrieli, J. D. (2023). Intact procedural memory and impaired auditory statistical learning in adults with dyslexia. Neuropsychologia, 108638. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2023.108638

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